Ernst Mach was born on February 18th, 1838, in Greater Brno, Moravia, Czech Lands, Austria-Hungary. He was my territorial countrymate, if you wish, but no Czech would ever consider Ernst Mach to be a Czech guy.
The image above only includes a smooth gradient in the middle but your eyes probably think that there are two discrete strips in the middle of the picture.
Mach and philosophy of science
On one hand, this philosophy is a form of subjective idealism that denies the physical reality. You might think that it is therefore very close to solipsism and religion. On the other hand, phenomenalism may be interpreted as an extreme form of empiricism, the school that says that knowledge always stems from our experience and that is very popular among the materialists.
Local physical laws are determined by the large-scale structure of the universe.Again, it's not clear what is really meant but verbally speaking, the statement above seems to directly contradict the well-established principle of relativity and the equivalence principle. According to these pillars of relativity, one can't determine his state of motion (or the existence of other objects and fields) in a small enough, freely falling lab, regardless of its velocity. In other words, the local laws of physics (and perceptions!) are completely universal for all velocities (special relativity) and all gravitational fields (general relativity) and the large-scale structure of the Universe is not allowed to play any role.